1 Euro to US dollars Exchange Rate Convert EUR USD

As of January 2014, and since the introduction of the euro, interest rates of most member countries (particularly those with a weak currency) have decreased. Some of these countries had the most serious sovereign financing problems. The currency is also used officially by the institutions of the European Union, by four European microstates that are not EU members,[6] the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, as well as unilaterally by Montenegro and Kosovo.

For cent, the word 欧分 (ōufēn), is used, The character 分 (fēn) is simply mean cent in any currency, like 美分 means United States cent. The Armenian word for euro is Եվրո, pronounced [jɛvˈɹɔ] in exactly the same way as the Greek, with an added initial y sound. It is derived from the Armenian word for Europe, Եվրոպա, which is pronounced [jɛvɹɔˈpa], as stress in Armenian usually falls on the final syllable. When speaking in a familiar–vernacular setting, some speakers would make the informal plural “euroi”, which is unofficial and more colloquial.

  • The currency was introduced in non-physical form (traveller’s cheques, electronic transfers, banking, etc.) at midnight on 1 January 1999, when the national currencies of participating countries (the eurozone) ceased to exist independently.
  • The rates were determined by the Council of the European Union,[note 6] based on a recommendation from the European Commission based on the market rates on 31 December 1998.
  • Two plurals are given, euro when referring to an amount, and euroer when referring to coins.
  • In Georgian, the euro is called ევრო (evro, pronounced [ˈevɾo]), derived from the Georgian word for Europe, ევროპა [ˈevɾopʼa].
  • Using a currency conversion calculator is often the easiest way to get an estimate when you’re converting currency.
  • The official date on which the national currencies ceased to be legal tender varied from member state to member state.

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However, the word for Europe in Japanese is “yōroppa” (ヨーロッパ), probably borrowed from the Portuguese Europa (ˈew.ɾɔpɐ) or from the Dutch “Europa”, not English. The cent euro vs.dollar history uses the same word employed for all currencies using cents. This is rendered “sento” (or セント in the katakana script) and it is also based on the English pronunciation.

Informally, the more Anglicised pronunciation [ˈɪurɔ] may be used, written either with the standard spelling or as iwro[86][87] or English euro.[88] The word euro [ˈɛɨrɔ, ˈɛirɔ],[81] however, is a separate word in Welsh meaning “to gild” (from aur “gold”). It should also be noted that the Welsh abbreviation c stands for ceiniog “penny, pence”. In Hindi, the euro is spelt यूरो (yūro), while cent is written as सेंट (seṇṭ). The plural of euro, in accordance with the formation of plurals in Armenian, is Եվրոներ [ɛvɹɔˈnɛɹ]. The word cent (pronounced [tʃɛnt]) is in practical use always replaced by the word centesimo ([tʃenˈteːzimo]), which simply means “hundredth” (also see centime in French); its plural form is centesimi. Cent only appears on documents such as electricity and telephone bills; it is perceived by native speakers as an abbreviation of “centesimo” (and in fact often followed by a period) rather than as an autonomous proper name.

The word means ‘minute’ (literally “thin”), the same as the unit of measurement of time or of angle. The term ευρωλεπτό, plural ευρωλεπτά (evroleptó, plural evroleptá) is sometimes used when a speaker wants to be completely specific that they are referring to money and not time. The word euro is included amp futures margins in the 2002 version of Retskrivningsordbogen,[12] the authoritative source for the Danish language (according to Danish law). Two plurals are given, euro when referring to an amount, and euroer when referring to coins. Both cent and eurocent are mentioned; the plural and singular forms are identical.


In Czech, the words euro and cent are spelt the same as in English and pronounced per Czech phonology [ˈɛuro], [tsɛnt]. Occasionally the word eurocent is used instead of cent to distinguish the euro denomination versus its foreign counterparts. The spelling differs from the Czech word for Europe (Evropa); however “euro-” has become a standard prefix for all things relating to the EU (Evropská unie).


For example, the central bank of a country experiencing an economic slowdown can no longer cut interest rates, devaluing a national currency against that of its major European trading partners to stimulate exports. The euro is the official currency of the European Union (EU), adopted by 19 of its 27 member nations. It is the world’s second most popular reserve currency after the U.S. dollar, and the second most traded. The genitive plural centi is produced in an old-fashioned way that is today mostly reserved for measurement units. The alternative centa follows the vastly more common pattern of other masculine nouns but is very rarely heard in practice. In Interslavic, the diphthongs /au/ and /eu/ are generally written as av and ev, which is common in Slovene, Sorbian and (usually) the Slavic languages that use Cyrillic.

They add hidden markups to their exchange rates – charging you more without your knowledge. Adopting the euro eliminated foreign exchange risk for European businesses and financial institutions with cross-border operations in the increasingly integrated EU economy. The fiscal and monetary prerequisites for adopting the euro have also encouraged deeper political integration of member states. Launched in 1999 as part of the EU’s integration as the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), the euro was strictly an electronic currency until the introduction of paper notes and coins denominated in euros in 2002.

Top currency pairings for Euros

The threat of disruption from extreme weather, pandemics, and more recently from geopolitical pressures has encouraged so-called “reshoring and friend-shoring” of operations. Using a currency conversion calculator is often the easiest way to get an estimate when you’re converting currency. Since exchange rates fluctuate on a daily basis, using a calculator can ensure your math is correct. These are the average exchange rates of these two currencies for the last 30 and 90 days.

Bulgaria has negotiated an exception; euro in the Bulgarian Cyrillic alphabet is spelled eвро (evro) and not eуро (euro) in all official documents.[121] In the Greek script the term ευρώ (evró) is used; the Greek “cent” coins are denominated in λεπτό/ά (leptó/á). The treaty called for a common unit of exchange, the euro, and set strict criteria for conversion to the euro and participation in the EMU. These requirements included annual budget deficits not exceeding 3 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), public debt under 60 percent of GDP, exchange rate stability, inflation rates within 1.5 percent of the three lowest inflation rates in the EU, and long-term inflation rates within 2 percent.

Our currency rankings show that the most popular Euro exchange rate is the EUR to USD rate. Reuters, the news and media division of Thomson Reuters, is the world’s largest multimedia news provider, reaching billions of people worldwide every day. Reuters provides business, financial, national and international news to professionals via desktop terminals, the world’s media organizations, industry events and directly to consumers. Our currency rankings show that the most popular US Dollar exchange rate is the USD to USD rate.

The central bank in Europe is called the European Central Bank (ECB). It is the second-most traded currency on the forex market, after the US Dollar, and also a major global reserve currency. Other common names for the Euro include Yoyo (Irish English), Leru (Spanish), and Ege (Finnish). If you’re planning a trip to the United States in the near future, you may want to exchange some of your money for U.S dollars, the country’s official currency.

In 2007 Slovenia became the first former communist country to adopt the euro. Having demonstrated fiscal stability since joining the EU in 2004, both Malta and the Greek Cypriot sector of Cyprus adopted the euro in 2008. Other countries that adopted the currency include Slovakia (2009), Estonia (2011), Latvia (2014), Lithuania (2015), and Croatia (2023). (The euro is also the official currency in several areas outside the EU, including Andorra, trapping and trading Montenegro, Kosovo, and San Marino.) The 20 participating EU countries are known as the euro area, euroland, or the euro zone. When euro coins and banknotes were introduced, the question of the spelling and pronunciation of the currency’s name in Hebrew arose. The official name of the currency established by the Academy of the Hebrew Language and the Bank of Israel is אֵירוֹ‎ [ˈeʁo],[74] derived from אֵירוֹפָּה‎ [eˈʁopa] (Europe).

These percentages show how much the exchange rate has fluctuated over the last 30 and 90-day periods. Compare our rate and fee with Western Union, ICICI Bank, WorldRemit and more, and see the difference for yourself. On the other hand, the eurozone brought together economies with disparate characteristics and national budgets without the authority for the sort of cross-border fiscal transfers that take place between the U.S. federal government and U.S. states. For local phonetics, cent, use of plural and amount formatting (€6,00 or 6.00 €), see Language and the euro. The Azerbaijani name for Europe is Avropa, similar to that of its sister language, Turkish, and the Azerbaijani word for euro, derived from that for Europe, is avro, identical to Turkish. Linguist Michael Everson in a 2001 paper proposed a new masculine noun eoró [ˈɔɾˠoː] (plural eorónna [ˈɔɾˠoːn̪ˠə]), or alternatively eora (plural eoraí), derived from Eoraip (‘Europe’), as being a more grammatically acceptable Irish term.[50] However, it was not widely adopted and is not in common use.

CBDC is a government-backed digital currency that aims to combine the benefits of digital payments with the stability and security of a nation’s official currency. That has forced the EU to introduce measures like ECB guarantees for the debt issued by member states in response to market turmoil caused by the European sovereign debt crisis. National governments and central banks remain constrained in responding to economic conditions in their country by their reliance on the ECB’s monetary policy and budget rules set by the EU. Unlike most of the national currencies that they replaced, euro banknotes do not display famous national figures. The seven colourful bills, designed by the Austrian artist Robert Kalina and ranging in denomination from €5 to €500, symbolize the unity of Europe and feature a map of Europe, the EU’s flag, and arches, bridges, gateways, and windows.

The Bulgarian spelling Evro ЕВРО is spelt with a v because it is derived from the name Европа/Evropa (Europe). Spain had been allocated 69.5 billion euros in grants, and will receive an additional 7.7 billion after a recalculation, plus another 2.6 billion to offset the energy price shock in the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Some businesses, such as resource companies, irrespective of domicile, use the dollar as their functional currency further complicating matters. Foreign exchange amounts are often hedged by derivatives or borrowing and sourcing inputs in the revenue currency.

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